What are Parent Migration Visa and its types?
The parents who have their children residing as permanent citizens in Australia or are eligible citizens of New Zealand can now move to stay in Australia indefinitely. Australia Parent Visa allows the bearer to enter Australia and reside there. This visa is called Parent Visa and has residency of children as permanent citizens in Australia as its primary condition. The visa holder can further sponsor other family members to come to the country.
Australia Parent visas are further divided into two categories:
Non-contributory parent visas
This is an Australia Parent Visa. It has low processing charges but has lengthy processing timelines that might exceed 30 years. In this case, the parents can look into the choice of visiting visa under subclass 600. The subclass 600 visa grants visit Australia and are valid for 18 months, varying from case to case.
Contributing parent visas
This type of visa is a fast PR visa that has a short span of processing time as low as 5-6 years for selective applications based on the queue and cap.
All the visa holders enjoy the following benefits:
- Stay for an indefinite period in Australia on a PR.
- Can reside, work and pursue education in Australia.
- Can get enrolled in Australia’s public healthcare scheme.
- Can also sponsor other relatives to visit Australia.
- Become eligible to apply for citizenship.
Requirements for Parent Visa
The applicants must fulfill certain requirements to be granted this visa.
Evidence of nomination
The applicant must provide proof of nomination to be able to enjoy the benefits of this visa. The most eligible sponsor for any parent would be his child. If the child has not attained the age of 18 years, then relatives of the applicant can come up for sponsorship. And, the applicant must be a parent of a permanent citizen or resident who should have spent at least two (2) years residing in Australia.
Balance of Family test
To qualify for this visa, the parents must pass the balance of family test. The test states that at least half of the applicant’s eligible children should be citizens of Australia, or the main applicant should have more of his/her children settled as residents or PR of Australia than any other country.
Onshore and offshore applications
Applications registered onshore for both non-contributory and contributory visas demand the main applicant to have attained the age of 66 years or more. It requires you to have attained a certain age that can let you receive the age pension in Australia. If the main applicant has a partner of younger age, then he/she can mention as a secondary applicant.
Assurance of support
The applications of any permanent parent visa require the applicants to provide an AOS (Assurance of support). The is a legal commitment given by an individual or organization to provide for the applicant financially so that he/she doesn’t have to depend on social security payments.
Health and character requirements
The applicants will be required to fulfill certain health and character requirements. For that, they will need to undergo a medical assessment, chest x-ray, and HIV test.
Non-existence of any previous visas
The applicant must not bear any previously canceled or rejected visa by an authority if the applicant traveled and stayed in Australia before.
What is an assurance of support?
The assurance of support (AOS) is a confirmation and promise to pay back any financial support provided to the visa holder during their initial years of stay in Australia.
The time duration given to clear the dues vary for each visa type:
- 10 years for Contributory Parent Visas (143/864).
- 4 years for Parent visas (103/804).
This time duration given commences on the grant of the visa. During the AOS period, if the applicant experiences any financial strain, then the applicant can utilize funds from the “AOS” bond.
Conditions for Assurer
- Must be 18 years of age or above.
- Should usually reside in Australia.
- Have enough funds to confirm that they can meet the debts or obligations (if they arise). The finances including income, assets, liabilities, and spouse’s income can be monitored to conclude the assurer’s financial status.
- Be able to give notice of assessment issued by the Australian Taxation Commissioner for the consecutive last two financial years.